BANDOTAN(Ageratum conyzoides L.)
Sinonim :A. ciliare Lour. (non Linn), A. cordifolium Roxb.
Familia :compositae (asteraceae).
Local Name :
Sumatera: bandotan, daun tombak, siangit, tombak jantan, siangik kahwa, rumput tahi ayam.
Jawa: babadotan, b. leutik, babandotan, b. beureum, b. hejo, jukut bau, ki bau, bandotan, berokan, wedusan, dus wedusan, dus bedusan, tempuyak.
Sulawesi: dawet, lawet, rukut manooe, rukut weru, sopi.
NAMA ASING : Sheng hong ji (C), bulak manok (Tag.), ajganda, sahadevi (IP), billy goat weed, white weed, bastard agrimony (I), celestine, eupatoire bleue.
NAMA SIMPLISIA: Agerati Herba (herba bandotan), Agerati Radix (akar bandotan).
Bandotan terna belong to the annuals, growing upright or lying on the bottom, about 30-90 cm tall, and branching. Round rods with long hair, if ittouches the ground will issue a root. Stemmed leaf, located facing each other and cross bones (Compositae), ovoid leaf blade with a rounded base and pointed tip,serrated edge, 1-10 cm long, 0.5 to 6 cm wide, both surfaces of leaves with long hair with a gland that is located in lower surface of leaves, the color green.Compound interest get together 3 or more, flat-shaped panicle out of the end of the shaft, it's white. 6-8 mm long flower bulbs, with the hair shaft. The fruit is blackand is small. Regional distribution, Habitat and Cultivation Bandotan can be propagated by seed. Bandotan originated from tropical America. In Indonesia,wild plants and bandotan is better known as plant pests (weeds) in the garden and in the fields. This plant, can be found also in the yard, roadside, levees, andwater channels at an altitude of about 1-2100 m above sea level (asl). If the leaves have withered and decayed, this plant will remove unpleasant odors.
This herb taste slightly bitter, spicy, and neutral in character. Bandotan efficaciousstimulant, tonic, relief of fever (antipyretic), antitoksik, eliminating swelling, stopbleeding (hemostatis), emenagog,diuretic,and kaiminatit. Bandotan leaves can be used also as a vegetable insecticide. In addition conyzoide.s Ageratum L., bandotan there are other varieties that have the same efficacy, ie Ageratum haoustonianum Mill. Bandotanleaf extract (5% and 10%) can extend the cycle of heat and slow the progression of follicles of female mice (virgin and non virgin). However, no effect on the uterus,vagina, and liver. After the recovery period, the cycle of desire and return to normal follicle development. There was no difference in effect between virgin and non virgin mice during treatment (Yuni Ahda, JF FMIPA UNAND, - 1993).Bandotan leaf extract in doses of 20% coconut oil does not give effect to wound healing. However, at doses of 40% and 80% can heal wounds significantlyincreased according to dose. In fact, wound healing effects at doses of 80% was not significantly different with 10% povidone iodine (Eliza Magdalene, JF FMIPAUI, 1993).
Parts used for medicinal herbs (part above ground) and roots. Herbs are used in the form of fresh herbs or dried.
Bandotan herb efficacious for the treatment of: fever, malaria, sore throat, inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia), inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media), bleeding, such as uterine bleeding, wound bleeding, and nosebleeds, diarrhea, dysentery, colic (colic), vomiting, abdominal bloating, sprains, stiff, preventing pregnancy, the body tired after working hard, a little urine production, uterine tumors, and hair care.
Roots efficacious to overcome: the fever.
HOW TO USE
For drugs taken, boiled 15-30 g of dried herb or 30 -60 g of fresh herbs. Another way of mashed fresh herbs, then squeeze juice and water to drink.
For external use, fresh herb mashed until smooth. Next, mix a little vegetable oil and stir until blended, then Dab on fresh wounds, boils, eczema and other skin diseases (like leprosy / leprosy). Alternatively, grind dried herbs into powder, then breathed into the esophagus with a sore throat. In addition, the fresh leaves can be brewed and the water can be used to rinse the eyes, abdominal pain, and wash the wound.
EXAMPLE OF USAGE IN PUBLIC:
Pain caused by inflammation of the middle ear
Wash fresh herbs bandotan taste, then mash until smooth. The result, squeeze and strain. Use the juice collected for ear drops. 4 times a day, every time the treatment as much as 2 drops.
Bleeding wounds, boils, eczema
Bandotan fresh herbs to taste Wash thoroughly, then mash until smooth.Turapkan potions to the sick body, then wrapped with bandages. Within a day, change the dressing 3-4 times. Perform this treatment until cured.
Wash a fresh bandotan herbaceous plants until clean. Add a handful of rice and stale tip of a teaspoon of salt, then milled until smooth. Turapkan to a hospital, then wrapped with bandages.
Rheumatism (medical term: rheumatism), swelling due to sprain
Provide a handful of leaves and young stems of fresh herbs bandotan, one lump stale rice, and 1 / 2 teaspoon salt. Next, wash the leaves and young stems thoroughly, then mash with the rice and salt. After a batter like thick porridge, Turapkan potion into the swollen joints with a bandaged. Leave for 1-2 hours, then bandage removed. Do treatments like this 2-3 times a day.
Uterine bleeding, sores, boils, swollen bruise
Boil 10-15 g bandotan herbs in two cups of water until the remaining into a glass.Once cool, strain and filter drinking water as well. Do it 2-3 times a day.
Tumors of the uterus
Boil 30-60 g dried herb bandotan 15-30 g of fresh or dried herbs in three cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Apart from boiled, fresh herbs can also be ground. Boiled water or juice to drink one glass of water a day.
(1) Wash bandotan 30-60 g of fresh leaves thoroughly, then mash until smooth.Next, squeeze and strain. Add rock sugar solution into the juice to taste and stir until blended. Drink the potion and do three times a day.
(2) Wash the leaves bandotan sufficiently, then the sun to dry. Furthermore, milled to a powder. Breathed the powder into the throat of the patient.
Boil 15-30 g bandotan dried herbs in two cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Once cool, strain and drink as well. Do twice a day.
Abdominal bloating, heartburn, vomiting
Wash one medium-size fruit bandotan plant thoroughly, then cut into pieces as needed. Boil in three cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Once cool, strain and drink as well. Perform this treatment 2-3 times a day until healed.
Wash, bandotan fresh leaves and stems thoroughly, then mash until smooth.Apply the results of the collision to the entire scalp and hair. Close the head with a piece of cloth. Leave for 2-3 hours. Next, rinse the hair
Bandotan herb contains amino acids, organacid, pectic substance, essential oilscoumarin, ageratochromene, friedelin, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, tannins, sulfur,and potassium chloride. Bandotan roots contain essential oils, alkaloids, andcoumarin